7 Best Open Source CRM Software For Your Small Business

CRM software has become quite popular in last few years. Most of the companies get their own CRM solutions. For small businesses, Open Source CRM software solutions are available widely, though they are not yet taken into consideration a lot. They are bit unknown and unrecognized, but they are reliable and capable alternatives. CRM-systems Open Source products are slowly becoming popular because of its attractive price depending on how the Open Source Foundation (OSF) price models are applied. Though they are said to be free, there is a hidden price tag for the support. If you are in need of an Open Source customized CRM, you should check out the following options-

1. Sugar CRM

SugarCRM is one of the three largest global CRM providers. It is a complete CRM solution without an extra license fee for additional modules. It is available with a 7-day free trial which will be billed annually with $35 to $150/user per month according to the requirements and version.

2. ConcourseSuite

Founded in 2000 and previously known as CentricCRM, it is a J2EE compliant. It is equally beneficial for small and large businesses, especially those with complex sales processes. They charge a one-time fee of $750 for 25 users. The pricing increases as the number of users increases.

3. vTiger

It was founded in 2004. It has rich features, yet is a cost-effective CRM for small and medium enterprises. The basic features cost $12/month per user. Additional features are chargeable. The best part is that they give a 30-day free trial. The features include Sales, Marketing, Customer Support, and Calendar.

4. Odoo

It is formerly known as OpenERP. They have a unique and open ecosystem developed by combining the resources of its open source community, partners’ network and resellers. They provide software that is not complex but is full-featured, tightly integrated, runs smoothly, and upgrades seamlessly.

5. OroCRM

OroCRM is an open source CRM which is available for download on GitHub. They provide easy-to-use CRM solutions for sales and marketing for small and medium business. Its marketing tool includes multi-channel marketing, custom reporting, and customer segmentation, whereas sales management, customer service productivity and multi-channel organization management are some of the tools for sales management.

6. Daffodil CRM

This one is majorly dedicated to manufacturing, IT, customer service, financial and insurance industry. It supports both B2B and B2C business models. Based on on-Premise/client-server model, it enables unified coordination between sales, marketing, customer service, field support and other departments which interact with customers.

7. Junari CRM

It is based on an open ERP platform intended for small business, but can grow as per the customer’s business needs. It costs £49 plus £10 /user/month (excluding VAT). Add-ons such as document version control, HR etc. costs between £2 and £5. Standard features include Activities and Communications.

Conclusion

Every company is different, so every company has different needs from their CRM solution. If you are going to need to customize your CRM software, however, as is often the case, there is strong justification for choosing the Open Source route.

Essential Test to Perform Pre-Launching the Website

Website designing is one thing and making it live is the next big thing. One cannot make it live without checking and double checking it; after all, it will be the first impression on your customers. So, before making it live you should do testing. It is a step-by-step work that requires careful assessment. Let us check out the essential pre-launch checklist that would definitely help you in your next project- pdf

#1 Check the SOW

No matter how thorough you have been the first time, in the end, you have to go through the SOW to make sure whether you have done what your client asked for. Once your website is done, you should go through the SOW and verify that everything on that list has been completed.

#2: Review Every Single Page

To be honest, reviewing and doing QA is a task that needs a lot of patience and focus. So, refresh yourself and start the work with a fresh mind. Start from the bottom, review every single page, does it look visually attractive? Is it easily readable? How does its functionality work? Apart from this, careful check logo, navigation bar, images, designs, text, header/footer strips, calls-to-action, links, contact info, pop-ups, social media buttons, and every minute detail.

#3: Read Through the Content

Trust me, when I say read through the content, I actually mean it. Website content is inarguably one of the most important things in a website. First of all, make sure there are no grammatical and spelling mistakes; and second, make sure that the content is not copied. Image result for website pre launch checklist

#4: Photos

We are not in the 90s that we can use any random pictures on a website and it would work. To be honest, the website should look appealing to the eyes, then only the user would navigate your website.

#5: Set Up a Privacy Statement

No matter what type of website you have, privacy policy and documentation should be included. It gives you an edge and extra layer of protection. The Auto Terms of Service and Privacy Policy plugin can get you started.

#6: Prepare for 404s

After reviewing all the pages, make sure to add error message. What happens if a visitor types a page name incorrectly? For this, you should create a custom 404-page message. Set up a plugin—like the 404 to 301 plugin—that will log all 404 errors and enable you to redirect any error to another working page on the website. Image result for website pre launch checklist

#7: Test Social Media Sync-Ups in Real Time

Even if your social media accounts are linked properly, you need to make sure that the accounts are properly synced. You need to do a test run to check whether all the functionalities are working properly. Example- If you have added a column to publish new tweets as soon as you post them on your Twitter account, you will need to see if new tweets show up as they are published on social media.

#8: Ensure the Website Is Ready to Be Found With SEO

SEO is a very helpful tool to increase the traffic on your website. For this purpose, you should make sure that your website is correctly optimized and that means pages, images, and content—for search and sharing. Add SEO plugins to be found easily.

#9: Check Your Robots.txt File

Search engines have certain algorithms to crawl your website and HTML sitemap doesn’t serve this purpose. Make sure you have a robots.txt file in place so that the search engines can crawl your website easily.

#10: Confirm All Site Processes Work Properly

There are a lot of things on a website, you need to check whether all the processes work properly or not. These processes may include a file that needs to be downloaded, sign-up form, contact us form, shopping cart, checkout, payment gateways, email services, and etc. You need to check if there is any technical glitch which could cause problem and confusion, they shall be fixed on priority. Image result for website pre launch checklist

#11: Confirm Customization Functionality

Customization may make your website look great, but you need to be vert careful with them and verify them properly. There are plugins that directly affect the UX, so they need to be tested properly. Apart from this, the backend processes like analytics, security, etc, shall be tested properly too.

#12: Check for Mobile-Friendliness

Most of the user of the website comes from mobiles now, so having a mobile friendly website is extremely important. Make sure that your website is responsive, works properly on all the devices. Google makes this easy with their Mobile-Friendly Test Tool, so plan on running the test and accounting for any errors that are thrown before you launch.

#13: Review Cross-Browser Compatibility

Cross-browser compatibility checks will account for all browser types across all devices (including mobile). You need to confirm whether your website functions properly across all browsers. There are tools available that help to test your website’s responsive nature and cross-browser compatibility. Image result for website pre launch checklist

#14: Verify Plugin Compatibility

There are plugins that sometimes slow down the website, causes other problems, and affects the UX of the website. So, if you have installed different plugins on the website, you need to check and confirm that those plugins are compatible with your website. There are two ways you can automate these updates. You can either do so via the wp.config.php file or you can find a plugin (like this one) that will do it for you.

#15: Test Your Speed

The site loading time can either make your website or break it reason is users don’t like to wait for more than 4-5 seconds for your website to be loaded. If your website loading takes really long, it would definitely affect your website’s ranking.

#16: Stress-Test Your Website

Before making your website live, make sure that it can handle a lot of users. If it cannot take the stress, it would break down in between which would cause damage. You can use something the Multi-DB plugin to optimize your website when you have a lot of plugins or files across multiple networks and sites. Image result for website pre launch checklist

Wrapping up

So, these were some common things you need to test before making your website live. They may seem common, but they have a very harmful effect on your website. You should fix them before making it live because after that it would take double efforts and work.

11 Must Have WordPress Plugins

WordPress users come across different plugins every day. There are different plugins used for different tasks. Plugins allow the user to select the features that are important for the website. Some of them enhance the performance, while others degrade it. The right set of plugins will make your WordPress website completely functional.  WordPress-Plugins
So let us check out the must have WordPress plugins which will help you to enhance the website’s performance-

1. WordPress SEO Plugin by Yoast

It is one of the most widely used SEO plugins. It optimizes the website and has many innovative features. It helps to optimize page titles, meta description,  canonical URLs, XML sitemaps etc. It could also edit robots.txt files and enhance your RSS feeds. Image result for wordpress seo plugins

2. All in One SEO pack

This plugin is similar to Yoast SEO pack. It also optimizes the website, page titles, meta description, etc. but it has one additional functionality. This plugin can also help you to stop duplicity of content.

3. WP Open Graph

It lets you add Facebook meta description for any post. Although it fetches the meta description from your selected SEO plugin, but you can also customize them for a specific post. Image result for wordpress disqus comment plugins

4. Disqus Comment System

Comments are essential to get feedback from the users. Disqus is a commenting tool that makes it easier to interact with the users. You can approve, reject or block comments. It makes all external links in the comments ‘no follow’, and prevent spammers from posting their links.

5. Hello Bar Plugin

Though it is not a completely free tool, but it is good to start with. It allows you to direct the traffic to other important pages, and give you a rough nifty traffic analysis. Image result for wordpress post plugins

6. WP Related Posts Plugin

It helps to increase the user engagement. It displays a string of related posts that keeps the user engaged. This is a critical factor in making users stick around and browse multiple pages upon every visit.

7. WordPress Backup to Dropbox

There is a good possibility of losing all content at once, but this plugin has solved the problem. It automatically saves the daily content in Dropbox, and back it up. Image result for wordpress W3 total cache plugins

8. W3 Total Cache

W3 Total Cache is a performance optimization plugin. It improves the site performance by 10 times when it is fully configured. It also reduces page loading time despite high traffic.

9. WP Content Copy Protection

It protects your content from being theft. It disables some of the commonly used copy methods. It includes disabling right click, drag, and drops, holds to copy and keyboard shortcuts etc. Image result for wordpress SEO crawlytics plugins

10. SEO Crawlytics

It is a tool that helps site owners understand the search engine bots visiting their site. It would help you to obtain most crawled pages, robot visit details, crawl history, and peak crawl times etc.

11. NextGEN Gallery

If your website has lots of images, this plugin could be very helpful to you. It includes features like batch upload, resizing, sorting, etc. Image result for wordpress nextgen plugins So, if you also have a website based on WordPress, you should add these plugins. They can make your website a good fit.  

Things You Should Know About SEO

Competition brings out the best in everyone, especially when it comes to business. Almost every business has a website which is important for growth, but what is the use of that website if it is not visible to the visitors? Having a website is meaningless if it doesn’t help you in growing your business. Image result for SEO If your website doesn’t show up in the first few pages of the search engine, the people would not even notice it. According to a research, 89% of people use search engines to look for products, services, and information. But how do you manage to rank well on search engine pages? The answer is through Search Engine Optimization.

Know more about search engine optimization

It is the process of getting traffic from the free, organic and natural search results on the website, also known as SEO. Most popular search engines rank the web pages on what the search engine considers most relevant to users. The term refers to the process of tuning a website to achieve a high ranking for specific keywords or phrase. Image result for SEO SEO is not what it used to be 2 years ago. Now, the key to SEO is meaningful content.

Problem

The main problem you will face is that very few companies and people know how to optimize a website or what to do afterward. Yes, it is possible to create an attractive site, but there are hundred such websites which look the same. SEO majorly depends on the content of your website. So, you are supposed to put original content on your website. Image result for SEO You need to hire a company who know about search engines and how they prioritize and rank the website. They should know about things like website traffic, social networking, and other technical aspects.

Conclusion

Image result for SEO So, after know about the search engine optimization and the problems, we conclude that the focus of SEO should be on the searchers, not the search engine. All the search engines have the same criteria of ranking page. They rank on the basis of what is most relevant to the user. So, rather than focusing on what search engine wants, the company should focus on what the user wants to see. This is what makes your website’s ranking better.  

Java vs JavaScript- All You Should Know

Look around and you will find many web developers, but everyone would not tell you the difference between Java and JavaScript. A famous web developer quoted the difference between these two as- “Java is to JavaScript as Ham is to Hamster”. Basically, there are no links between both languages. Both the languages serve completely different roles in web development and programming. Let us move further and look for the differences and similarities between them-

WHAT IS JAVA?

Java is a general-purpose programming language. Applications built in Java are compiled to bytecode with the help of Java Virtual Machine (JVM). In web development, Java is a server-side language which is prominently used in developing mobile applications for Androids. Apart from this, it is present as a front-end language as Java applet but is not used due to security reasons. Java-vs-JavaScript--650x162

WHAT IS JAVASCRIPT?

It is a scripting language which is considered to be one of the three core components of the web that runs in the browser and makes web pages dynamic and interactive. It is employed by a majority of websites. It is rapidly growing as a server-side language along with Node.js.

JAVA VS. JAVASCRIPT: MAJOR SIMILARITIES

Though they are different languages, there are some differences worth considering-
  • Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)
OOP both languages access to techniques like inheritance, encapsulation, and polymorphism. Both languages work on the object and their relationship with other objects.
  • Front-End Development
Both languages are used for front-end development. JS can be embedded directly into HTML, implemented as a framework or library; Java can be used as a Java applet.
  • Back-End Development
These languages are used on the server-side. Java has been used to power back-end technologies like Apache, WebSphere, and etc; whereas JavaScript-powered servers use Node.js for the same purpose. java-vs-javascript

JAVA VS. JAVASCRIPT: MAJOR DIFFERENCES

Despite having some similarities, let us not forget that both the languages were developed to serve completely different purposes. Where Java was designed to develop standalone applications, JavaScript was built specifically to interface with technologies like HTML. Let’s check out the major differences between two-
  • Compiled vs. Interpreted
While Java is considered as compiled programming language, JavaScript is considered as interpreted scripting language. Java is compiled into bytecode as mentioned above, whereas JS can be interpreted directly by a browser.
  • Type checking
Java uses static type checking where variable type is checked at compile-time. While JavaScript uses dynamic type checking where type safety is verified at runtime. It is not required for the programmer to specify the type of any variable they create in the case of JavaScript. The advantage of type checking is that less time is required to execute a code using less memory if static type checking is chosen. The primary advantage of dynamic type checking is programmer productivity—you are free to assign types at your leisure.
  • Concurrency
It refers to the ability handle the execution of several instruction sequences at the same time. Java makes use of multiple threads to perform tasks in parallel, whereas JavaScript handles concurrency on one main thread of execution with an even loop, and a forking system called Node clustering.
  • Class-Based vs Prototype Based
Java follows class based inheritance i.e. top-down, hierarchical, a class-based relationship whereby properties are defined in a class and inherited by an instance of that class. While in JavaScript, inheritance is prototypical- all objects can inherit directly from other objects.

You should consider Java if your project involves-

  • Android Apps
  • Enterprise Software
  • Scientific Computing
  • Big Data Analytics
  • General Purpose Programming of Hardware
  • Server-Side Technologies like Apache, JBoss, Geronimo, GlassFish, etc.

You should consider JavaScript if your project involves-

  • Dynamic single page applications (SPAs)
  • Front-End technologies like jQuery, AngularJS, Backbone.js, Ember.js, ReactJS etc.
  • Server-Side technologies like Node.js, MongoDB, Express.js, etc.
  • Mobile App Development through PhoneGap, React Native, etc.ot
In a nutshell, both languages are meant for different purposes and there is no way you can use these terms interchangeably.

Anticipatory Design- The Next Level of Designing

The designing advancement has introduced a new designing pattern called ‘Anticipatory Design’. It is a pattern which is one step ahead of the user. The design pattern within the field of predictive user experience (UX). The idea behind it is to reduce the cognitive load of users by making decisions on their behalf.

anticipatory-design   It is different as compared to other patterns. The main difference is that these decisions are made without any input from the user at the time. The goal of creating this pattern is to provide a seamless experience to the user.
In simple words, the Anticipatory design is a design that knows what the user is looking for beforehand. It takes them to their destination smoothly and efficiently. In fact, tech giants like Facebook, Amazon, and Google are using it to enhance the user experience by showing them what they want to see.

Automation is on its way!

It can be seen as the automation of our thought process. Internet of Things has changed our way of life, and anticipatory design is one of its product. Our data is interpreted by machine learning algorithms to provide us the best experience. 1-7L5dA1Cqb8Jz5aU1X900BA The anticipatory design is a mixture of three things- learning (Internet of Things), predicting (Machine Learning) and anticipation (UX Design).

How is it evolving UX?

UX designing is a craft which is changing rapidly; interactions, increasing responsibilities, and forms influence the user’s mindset. User interfaces take different forms according to different users. UX designers are trying to get into user’s head to increase the engagement. But along with this, experience designing and automation requires discussions and design practices to reduce the forecasted design challenges. Anticipatory Design Image 1

Wrapping up

Predictable UX is an increasingly growing field of expertise. The UX designs are changing with the time. It is shifting toward the Artificial intelligence that is meant to make things easier. Though it could be the next big thing for the generation, you should be aware of what could go wrong when the user has to choose between forceful action and anticipated action.

Five Reasons to Use Spree For Your Storefront

Online stores have become pretty obvious. If you own a business that is related to selling something, then it has become necessary to take your business online. But the question that bothers a person more is which e-commerce platform is ideal for them? According to recent marketing strategies and research, an ideal e-commerce platform is the one which is cost efficient, easy to use, scalable, provide support, etc. Basically, the answer is Spree Commerce. spree-commerce-integration-service Spree Commerce is known for the best features, functionality, and user experience. More than 20,000 online stores are running on Spree Commerce. This is not enough, let us check out the reasons why Spree is the best storefront for online business-

1. It is absolutely free

Image result for spree commerce Yes, you read it right, it is free! It is an open source project which is completely free. You can simply download, set it up, and start your project. You can make any modifications in the code according to your project, you don’t have t buy any license or give a part of your revenue.

2. Ruby on Rails is the master

Image result for ruby on rails Spree is based on Ruby on Rails. It is an elegant, fast, and modern programming language that provides amazing solutions. It completes the work in less time, efforts, and resources; and also enhances the functionality, comparing to other e-commerce platforms. You can easily customize your platform according to your and customer’s needs.

3. Order management

Image result for order management on spree Managing orders, customers, and payments become a time-consuming task. Spree Commerce makes this work easy and efficient. It makes the management system fact. It gives and efficient, simple, and easily functional dashboard. You can easily adjust payment methods, product sorting, tax rates, currencies and other vital settings in just a few clicks.

4. Advanced Tools, Features, and Integration

Image result for order management on spree Apart from amazing management, it has a set of amazing features that improve the performance of your store. There are different options for SEO like keyword targeting, back linking, permalinks, meta-description of products, etc. It also supports major payment methods and gateways. It can be easily integrated with external services like Jirafe, Mandrill, Amazon, Bronto, Odoo, Shipstation, Zendesk, Netsuite, Mailchimp and etc.

5. The community is amazing

Image result for spree community Spree has a huge community with very active developers who develop the platform, add new functionalities, and solve challenges together. They also have support which solves the issues you get. There are free workshops, training, and the famous annual SpreeConf. Spree Commerce provides a complete set of documentation as well.

Conclusion

In conclusion, a good developer can build an efficient and smart solution for your e-commerce site. It gives a robust e-commerce solution. It is best for the start-up or small businesses that are short of finances. It is an amazing solution to boost your sales as well.

Major Modules of vTiger CRM and its uses

vTiger CRM is a big name in open source CRMs. It is a full-featured CRM which was divided from SugarCRM. Generally, it is used by small-medium business with comparable functionality like SugarCRM and Salesforce.com. The reason it is better than other CRMs is that it provides features like customer portal, Outlook plug-in, and reporting, which are under paid version in other CRM applications. Another good part of vTiger is that it has an active community of users worldwide. It has different modules which make it an efficient CRM. Let us check out the key modules of vTiger CRM-

Lead Management:

This module manages the leads from creating to converting them into opportunities. It import leads from external sources like trade shows, seminars, web downloads, and direct mail. It also changes lead status according to the sales process. Users can convert their leads into sales opportunities, accounts, and contacts with just one-click.

Account Management:

It keeps a track on all the activities related to accounts and things related to it. It can easily track the parent-child relation between different account and their divisions. The best thing is it takes accounts from external sources, like GoldMine, ACT, and other applications. For future reference, it attaches customer-specific documents to accounts.

Product Customization:

You can consider it as inventory management. It makes custom fields/ pick lists according to business requirements. You can also personalize tabs by using drag & drop functionality to veil the modules irrelevant to sales process. Image result for vtiger crm features list

Activity Management:

This module basically makes your work faster. It adds vital information of clients or customers in vTiger CRM. It also stores all the details of customer’s call and meeting and manages daily tasks.

Contact Management:

As mentioned above, it tracks down all contact and related opportunities, activities, and other details from a common place. It creates contact hierarchy within a company for coordinating while dealing with customers. It also imports and exports contacts from external sources and to spreadsheet software respectively for further analysis.

Security Management:

For better security management, it defines team roles according to organization structure and controls the access to modules as per employee’s role and saves the login history of each user.

Microsoft Outlook Plug-in:

You can also add outbound and forward inbound Outlook e-mails to vTiger CRM. One can also synchronize contacts, tasks, and calendar between Microsoft and Outlook and vTiger CRM. It also helps to filter e-mails in Microsoft Outlook and adds emails, which are necessary.

Opportunity Management:

It tracks all sales opportunities and other associated opportunities with accounts, contacts, activities, and other modules to enhance better visibility. It also exports opportunities to spreadsheet software like Open Office, Microsoft Excel, and others in order to examine the sales pipeline and quickly recognize the restricted access. vtiger-for-implementation-26-638

Conclusion:

In conclusion, vTiger CRM is among the best and easy to use CRMs. It efficiently manage your data at a cost-effective way. So, the choice is yours which one is best for you.

How to Ensure Data Security With Mobile ERP

Mobile Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) solutions are very helpful for large corporations. Especially, when it comes down to streamlining business process, managing human resources, tracking inventory, and ultimately boosting business revenues. It has helped many organizations to handle a large amount of data with mobility. But it has come with few disadvantages which include data breaching. So, opting for this situation comes with risk as well. Let us check out the list of security features for better mobile ERP solution-

1) Device Security

Device security allows you lock or wipe the mobile device if it gets lost or stolen. It also incorporates password policies and set up a mechanism to detect device misuse through fiddling with device setting or something else. Apart from this, features like device lockdown and blacklisting of suspicious apps or apps from unknown sources can also enhance the protection of data from hackers.

2) Location Tracking

As the name suggests, it can track or locate the device to minimize the security issues if the devices get lost or stolen. Although it is a basic security aspect, it is undeniably an important feature. mobile-crm

3) Secure Remote Access

It includes setting up a private and encrypted connection between mobile devices and the corporate network. It helps to safely transfer the information and keeping it safe from the hackers, it becomes difficult for them to decode the information.

4) Encryption

It is necessary to have encryption services in EMM. With encryption. IT department of an organization can have full control over the system and encryption process through a separate app-based workspace containing all the saved corporate data. With a strong encryption backup, data will even remain safe in a device without password protection.

5) Data leakage protection

It enables the prevention of deliberate or unintentional exchange of data from a mobile device which means it may provide access to authorized applications on a device when it comes to viewing a file but it will not allow any untrusted application like a cloud-based app to open or save the file. Image result for mobile erp

6) Secure Software Distribution

It helps to securely push the code of the application and it becomes possible to track the installed applications and successfully uninstall the application which violates the security of the system.

7) Advanced features & support in Platforms like Android, iOS, Windows

Some advanced features offer great scope for enhancing data security. It separates the personal and business data to ensure high-level of encryption on Android, iOS, Windows or any device. Image result for mobile erp Although data breaching is a crime, people still do it to harm others’ business. These security features in mobile ERP will solve many problems and keep the data safe from any breach.

8 Wastes in Mobile App Development to be Avoided

Mobile App Development is a huge task. It consists of different phases, but the real work starts after releasing the first version of the app. Releasing the updates is when different problems come up, and developers ask for DOWNTIME from the client. DOWNTIME is basically an acronym used to describe wastes of Mobile App development. Now, you must be wondering what are these wastes. Well, they consist of the following- Defects, Overproduction, Waiting, Non-utilized talent, Transportation, Inventory, Motion, and Excess Processing. They are basically referred to as wastes because they result in longer development cycles, affects the quality of the product, and increase project risk. In this article, we are going to discuss what they are, why and how they happen, and how you can avoid them.
  1. Defects

It is the responsibility of production team. The defects occur due to problems in the code that produce incorrect or unexpected output. They affect the project velocity and the team has to put extra time, resources, and money to fix them. These defects generally arise due to poor understanding, mismanagement, lack of engineering and technical capabilities, etc. Image result for mobile app defects
How to avoid them?
Bug reduction is inherently built-in to the agile squad methodology. Developers has to do code reviews which improve the quality of code, and it ultimately enhances the product quality. Rather than carrying out the testing at the end, you should start it during development. It leads to fewer defects when items are pushed to QA.
  1. Overproduction

It means the team is producing more than the desired outcome. In an app development, extra features or functionalities has to be added in the next update. It is the result of the inefficient planning process and inability to prioritize the work. Image result for overproduction mobile app
How to avoid it?
The best way to eliminate overproduction is by using rolling-wave. It includes delaying product decisions until you are in the best place to make them. Never build features or functionalities that are unnecessary. Rolling wave allows flexibility, reduces risk, increases efficiency, and ultimately results in better quality products.
  1. Waiting
It includes any factor that delays the mobile app development or delivery. It could be waiting for information, the delay from client’s side, inaccurate data or planning, gap in communication, external factors including technical problems. Image result for time waste during mobile app development
How to avoid it?
You need to apply a squad-based agile approach for reducing delays in development. Make a plan with client side, always put together the resources, rather than being dependent on the third party try to solve the issue by yourself. Break up the development cycle between the team and reduce dependencies.
  1. Non-Utilized Talent

You cannot put wrong skill set in a big project, it would definitely turn out to be a huge disaster. It occurs when project team fails to take advantage of wide range of talents, skills, ideas, and capabilities and put the wrong ones in tasks. Image result for time waste during mobile app development
How to avoid it?
Agile principles are designed to avoid the waste, but always capitalize on internal employee and know their strengths and weakness. A good development team includes product owners, developers, QA, designers, etc.– to inform the direction and possibilities of the product.
  1. Transportation

Transportation becomes a problem when you have a deficiency in transferring knowledge. This waste is also commonly described as relearning; one member of the team hands off code/tasks/etc. to another team member who then needs to re-learn what the first team member already knows. Image result for time waste during mobile app development
How to avoid it?
The team should share their knowledge and understanding in all aspects of the project. This reduces knowledge gap, communication gap, and eliminate many defects in future.  
  1. Inventory

Inventory mean the work that can be re-used, the work that has been partially done ineffectively based on project parameters. It affects project velocity and can result in budget inflation. The common causes are waiting, incomplete story information/misunderstanding of the story, dependencies between stories, and improper prioritization. Image result for technology used in mobile application development
How to avoid this?
Encourage knowledge transfer, make sure that the whole team understands the purpose and functionality of the project. As a result, the squad-based development offers predictable velocity, minimizes inventory, and mitigates budgetary risk.
  1. Excess Processing

It is similar to overproduction but is created when effort/time/resources are spent producing something that doesn’t add value to the project. It is commonly referred to gold plating. Excess processing is similar to overproduction, but is created when effort/time/resources are spent producing something that doesn’t add value; typically, unnecessary bells and whistles. It’s commonly referred to as gold plating. Image result for technology used in mobile application development
How to avoid it?
Understand the product, avoid the iterative process, and each release should aim toward better functionality. Since the criteria for the viable product is the goal.
The ultimate goal of discussing these things is to reduce the wastes. It makes your product better, your performance faster and your team reliable. The developer has to keep a lot of things in mind to make the product better. Rather than dividing your attention, give time to one feature at time, it would definitely bring out a better solution and your mobile app would turn out to be better.