Solidus: Next Generation of Spree Commerce

With Spree being acquired by First Data Corporation, they have stated that their support for the Spree open source project will be less. So, there is a new platform which is rumored to be equally good as Spree i.e. Solidus. It is a new open source e-commerce platform for high volume, complex super stores which is built on Ruby on Rails. It is a mountable engine that provides a scalable, stable, and highly customizable platform for e-commerce. solidus-ecommerce-platform-open-source-Blue-Stout

Let us dig a little bit deeper to know more about it.

Spree Commerce has been one of the best open source solutions built on Ruby on Rails. The reason behind is its lightweight code, minimal and modular approach from the first step. Apart from this, it is highly customizable and can be integrated easily. This is the reason, developers working on Spree were highly motivated, boasted quicker site load times and overall better storefront performance. Now that Spree is moving away from the open source project, there is a new solution for the enthusiasts: Solidus.
As mentioned above, Solidus is a new open source project which is carried by Spree’s open source community. They are creating high-quality code to overcome some of the problems people faced while using Spree. But, the truth is Solidus is not a replacement of Spree, it is a fork of Spree.
By fork we mean the development team has chosen a different path to build the same product on a different way. Spree Commerce project has been forked into Solidus. Spree 2.4 gave Solidus a foundation of Spree and diverged to a different direction. Related image

Is it better?

Solidus is a forked version of Spree 2.4, so it is similar to Spree. But it is moving forward with a vision of making following things better:
  • Increase the code integrity
  • Well defined extension points for simple and safer customization
  • Making it more secure
  • Introducing clear and stable API
  • Clear and straightforward migration path

Let us check out the Pros and Cons of choosing Solidus-

Pros-

  • It is Spree 2.4 but a better version as Solidus has improved the product immensely.
  • Dedicated development team.
  • Solidus has created a slack channel for developers to always have access to support.

Cons-

  • Many companies are not using it yet.
  • Many companies think that the solution is ‘too new’ to be used.
If we think about it, logically, then Solidus is just a newer and better version of Spree. So the ‘too new’ argument is actually invalid. Related image

Let us check out Pros and Cons of Choosing Spree-

Pros-

  • Highly customizable
  • It is simple and can be used according to customer’s need

Cons-

  • Spree is no longer supporting the open source project
  • The vulnerabilities and issues of Spree may not be resolved
  • Major contributors have moved on to other projects
How to migrate to Solidus if I am still using Spree?
Migrating to Solidus is pretty easy. But you need to keep few things in mind before migrating to Solidus. First, if you are using any earlier version of Spree than 2.4, then you need to upgrade it to version 2.4 before migrating. Second, if you are using the latest version of Spree, Soludius would recommend you to upgrade it to Solidus 1.1 which includes updated migrations to support data from Spree 3.0.

Wrapping up

In conclusion, there is no need to panic if you are still using Spree. It is not a huge change or leap. In fact, it is a continuation of Spree with improvements. Solidus has got the support of some major brands like Bonobos, AYR, and Stembolt, so we can say that the future looks promising.

7 Key Principles of Mobile Web Designing

Designing is more than a website and a few pictures. There is much more to it. Though in this article, we will not go into the details, we will discuss some fundamental principles. These fundamental principles are applied to all mobile website design. Let us check them out-

#1 Design for mobile- based on most popular and important content

Image result for content Copy content from another website causes much more harm than you can ever expect. Mobile website user usually visits a website when they are looking for a solution. And content is what answers them.

#2 Everything should be available

Image result for clear mobile website design Availability refers to the fact that there should be everything a user can possibly look for, even if it is not visible. A user should be able to access all the important content on the website. The visitors gets annoyed when they could not find the information they are looking for.

#3 Limit navigation options

Image result for navigation options for mobile web designing You need to be sure about the information that you put in front of the user. In order to make your website mobile friendly, you need to reduce the number of clicks, number of menu layers, and you need to simplify it for the user.

#4 Buttons

Image result for buttons on mobile website While using a mobile website it becomes difficult for the user to click on the links in the text. So the designer should put buttons instead. Avoid the small fonts and minuscule buttons. Instead, use elements that are easy to click.

#5 Social media handle availability

Image result for social media handle availability on mobile website The design of the website is definitely important but keep your social media handles there. It gives the company better recognition and credibility.

#6 Watch your media

Media elements are important, they can cause problems for the mobile users. Video formats like Flash don’t play on certain mobile operating systems. You should also keep an eye on the large image files, bloated fonts, and unnecessary characters, they take unnecessary loading time.

#7 Problematic pop-ups

Image result for pop ups on mobile website Too many pop-ups annoy the mobile visitors. Too many sign-up boxes on a small screen are frustrating. Unless it is very important.

#8 Limited information

Asking for too much information would put the customer in confusion. Forms are a pain to fill out, especially when you are typing with your thumbs. Keep the text input needed as minimum as possible.   There are many other things about mobile web designing that you think. What are your principles? Share your ideas and advices in the comments.

Is Your Website Mobile App Ready?

The Internet is flooded with information about mobile app development and website designing & development. Even we have discussed a lot about it, but what is the point of discussing mobile app development, if your website is not mobile app ready? Let us talk about whether your website is ready for a mobile app or not. Image result for mobile app Before jumping into the main topic, let us first check out few pros and cons of having mobile apps-

PROS

  • According to the stats, people usually spend more than two hours a day on their mobile phones interacting with different apps. They are highly popular and a great source of expanding the business.
  • It can be a great source of income and business expansion but is limited by your imagination.
  • It allows you to increase your user base, engage new users, converting visitors into customers. And all these things depend on the UI & UX of the app.

CONS

  • Need extra maintenance, even the smallest technical glitches can change a user’s mind.
  • Extra marketing is required. Submitting an app on the AppStore is not enough, you need to promote it initially for better business opportunities.
Now that we have discussed the pros and cons of the mobile apps, let us go to the main point, and find out whether your website is mobile app ready or not-

1. Ensure that your website is mobile-friendly

Blindly jumping into the mobile app market could be a total disaster for you. Before developing a mobile app, make sure that your website is mobile-friendly. It makes your work easier while determining which features would translate well to the new platform and show where do you need improvement or which parts have to be created from the beginning.

2. User’s behavior

Image result for user behavior analytics Well, this where analytics work well. You should check what kind of audience you will be dealing with, which devices are they using, which is their most favorite page on the website, etc. Analyzing these things can make your app better and will give you a rough idea about whether to invest in a mobile app or not.

3. Analyze the functionality

Image result for functionality analysis The functionality of a website is different from a mobile app in many ways. You need to sort out what functionalities can be provided in your mobile app, what are the possible things a user could do, is it possible to create an app with the same functionality as your website, how simple the processes should be, etc. Once you have analyzed the functionality, you will be able to get answers of many questions.

4. Backend support

Image result for backend website support The bigger your app become, the more glitches will come on your website if you do not check the backend support in advance. Backend support is one of the most important parts of a website. Your website host may or may not support the mobile app as the user count of the app increases.

5. Brand consistency

Image result for brand consistency You must be wondering what brand consistency has to do with developing a mobile app? Ironically, it is directly related. An app should be simple to use, but it does not mean that you have to compromise with your brand’s value and consistency. If your website has a solid branding, it will be very easy to develop an app that falls in line with your website.
After considering these points you must have a good idea about the audience, the nature of your app, the strengths, and weaknesses of your website. Now you can turn your website into a mobile app as it could be a great business asset and extension to your business. It is necessary to analyze these things beforehand as it could save a lot of the time and funding.

5 reason why Website Designing is the First Step Toward a Successful Business

We are in digital age and no matter how much we try to run away from spending money on designing a good website, all of us come to a dead end. If you are running a business, the very first step to getting your first client is to make a full-fledged website. According to a survey, there are still 30% companies who do not have a website. Also, there are 70-75% companies those have websites but they do not keep their websites up-to-date. Image result for website redesigning But the very first thing comes to mind is “WHY WEBSITE DESIGNING IS IMPORTANT FOR MY COMPANY?” So, we are here to answer this question to you. Here are 5 reasons why website designing is the first step toward a successful business:

1. It catches million of eyeballs and increase your reach and presence

Image result for website designing

Who doesn’t use the internet now? I guess there is hardly any person who is away from technology. Having a responsive and good website increases your presence in the world. No matter in which corner of the world you are, if you have a website it will definitely give you an exposure.

2. A website gives you competitive edge

Image result for why us? No matter how good your product is, how smart solutions you have or how experienced your staff is; if you do not have a website, the potential customers and clients would not be able to reach you. In the end, they will find an alternative for you. All in all, having a website gives you a competitive edge as compared to your competitors.

3. A website reduces cost

Image result for website planning Now you must be wondering, making a website itself is an extra cost but it actually is a cost effective way toward a better future. Now ask yourself, how does website reduce the cost? Basically, it reduces your marketing cost, publishing cost and communication cost as well. Initial marketing might be required, but in long-term it reduces your marketing cost. 

4. It keeps your customers well-informed

Image result for find us here People don’t buy magazines and newspapers anymore, they keep applications in their mobiles. Similarly, you need to get over from the old-fashioned ways of doing business and keep your users engaged and well-informed with your website. Setting up a customer service backend office is not the only way to keep the user well-informed. You should also make your website informative and smart.

5. Increases credibility, trust and keeps you in touch with customer

Image result for we're here to help Accept it or not, if you have a website, you are available 24×7 a day according to your customer. Your online presence increases your credibility, trust and keeps you in touch with your customer. If you have a good online presence, the user trusts you more.

Now, what is the conclusion of these things?

All we are trying to say is every business, whether it is a small scale business or a full-fledged business, needs a website. It has its own advantages. It gives you benefit in its own way in the long run. We, at Enbake, are focusing on giving our clients the best of our services by providing them SEO friendly, user-friendly, easy-to-use and informative websites.

How to Manage Flexibility According to Basic Constraints of Project Management

Have you ever wondered what could be the possible reason for a project failure? To do so, first, you have to know the basics of project management. The project management triangle consists of three project impediment namely time, scope, and cost. And in order to deliver a successful product, flexibility is required on at least one of these boundaries. It depends on you which boundary should be flexible so that it would not affect the successful delivery of the product. 1

1. Time

Image result for time project management The delivery date of some projects is set in advance, and there is no possible way to compromise with it. If this is the case, one of the other two boundaries has to be flexible. Keeping all three boundaries too rigid would turn out to be the downfall of the project, the team may not be able to work as efficiently as required. Ultimately, the delivered product would not be up to your expectations. So rather than compromising the product quality, make the time boundary flexible to meet the requirements of the project.

2. Scope

Image result for scope project management The scope of the project is a vital part of project planning that involves determining and documenting a list of specific project goals, deliverable, features, functions, tasks, deadlines, and ultimately costs. The flexibility in scope would enable the team to scale back features and functionalities. This constraint has to be flexible if time and budget could not be compromised. It should be made flexible in the initial phase of the project. It allows to bring out the best of the product that ultimately makes the project more innovative.

3. Cost

There are always chances of increasing the scope of the project while keeping the timeline rigid. In this case, budget needs to be flexible. When the scope changes or additional functionalities are requested for the product, the budget would definitely change. The numbers may not be exactly the same as decided in the beginning, but it would definitely turn out be a better product. So, it is better to develop a long-term product roadmap because it will give you a good idea of the efforts and resources required as requirements evolve.

Conclusion

project-management In short, one of the three constraints has to be flexible in order to bring out a good product. Flexibility allows adaptability to change the needs and requirements without compromising the progress or harming the project velocity. So, while discussing the scope of the project, you have to decide which factor can be flexible according to your project.

7 Best Open Source CRM Software For Your Small Business

CRM software has become quite popular in last few years. Most of the companies get their own CRM solutions. For small businesses, Open Source CRM software solutions are available widely, though they are not yet taken into consideration a lot. They are bit unknown and unrecognized, but they are reliable and capable alternatives. CRM-systems Open Source products are slowly becoming popular because of its attractive price depending on how the Open Source Foundation (OSF) price models are applied. Though they are said to be free, there is a hidden price tag for the support. If you are in need of an Open Source customized CRM, you should check out the following options-

1. Sugar CRM

SugarCRM is one of the three largest global CRM providers. It is a complete CRM solution without an extra license fee for additional modules. It is available with a 7-day free trial which will be billed annually with $35 to $150/user per month according to the requirements and version.

2. ConcourseSuite

Founded in 2000 and previously known as CentricCRM, it is a J2EE compliant. It is equally beneficial for small and large businesses, especially those with complex sales processes. They charge a one-time fee of $750 for 25 users. The pricing increases as the number of users increases.

3. vTiger

It was founded in 2004. It has rich features, yet is a cost-effective CRM for small and medium enterprises. The basic features cost $12/month per user. Additional features are chargeable. The best part is that they give a 30-day free trial. The features include Sales, Marketing, Customer Support, and Calendar.

4. Odoo

It is formerly known as OpenERP. They have a unique and open ecosystem developed by combining the resources of its open source community, partners’ network and resellers. They provide software that is not complex but is full-featured, tightly integrated, runs smoothly, and upgrades seamlessly.

5. OroCRM

OroCRM is an open source CRM which is available for download on GitHub. They provide easy-to-use CRM solutions for sales and marketing for small and medium business. Its marketing tool includes multi-channel marketing, custom reporting, and customer segmentation, whereas sales management, customer service productivity and multi-channel organization management are some of the tools for sales management.

6. Daffodil CRM

This one is majorly dedicated to manufacturing, IT, customer service, financial and insurance industry. It supports both B2B and B2C business models. Based on on-Premise/client-server model, it enables unified coordination between sales, marketing, customer service, field support and other departments which interact with customers.

7. Junari CRM

It is based on an open ERP platform intended for small business, but can grow as per the customer’s business needs. It costs £49 plus £10 /user/month (excluding VAT). Add-ons such as document version control, HR etc. costs between £2 and £5. Standard features include Activities and Communications.

Conclusion

Every company is different, so every company has different needs from their CRM solution. If you are going to need to customize your CRM software, however, as is often the case, there is strong justification for choosing the Open Source route.

Essential Test to Perform Pre-Launching the Website

Website designing is one thing and making it live is the next big thing. One cannot make it live without checking and double checking it; after all, it will be the first impression on your customers. So, before making it live you should do testing. It is a step-by-step work that requires careful assessment. Let us check out the essential pre-launch checklist that would definitely help you in your next project- pdf

#1 Check the SOW

No matter how thorough you have been the first time, in the end, you have to go through the SOW to make sure whether you have done what your client asked for. Once your website is done, you should go through the SOW and verify that everything on that list has been completed.

#2: Review Every Single Page

To be honest, reviewing and doing QA is a task that needs a lot of patience and focus. So, refresh yourself and start the work with a fresh mind. Start from the bottom, review every single page, does it look visually attractive? Is it easily readable? How does its functionality work? Apart from this, careful check logo, navigation bar, images, designs, text, header/footer strips, calls-to-action, links, contact info, pop-ups, social media buttons, and every minute detail.

#3: Read Through the Content

Trust me, when I say read through the content, I actually mean it. Website content is inarguably one of the most important things in a website. First of all, make sure there are no grammatical and spelling mistakes; and second, make sure that the content is not copied. Image result for website pre launch checklist

#4: Photos

We are not in the 90s that we can use any random pictures on a website and it would work. To be honest, the website should look appealing to the eyes, then only the user would navigate your website.

#5: Set Up a Privacy Statement

No matter what type of website you have, privacy policy and documentation should be included. It gives you an edge and extra layer of protection. The Auto Terms of Service and Privacy Policy plugin can get you started.

#6: Prepare for 404s

After reviewing all the pages, make sure to add error message. What happens if a visitor types a page name incorrectly? For this, you should create a custom 404-page message. Set up a plugin—like the 404 to 301 plugin—that will log all 404 errors and enable you to redirect any error to another working page on the website. Image result for website pre launch checklist

#7: Test Social Media Sync-Ups in Real Time

Even if your social media accounts are linked properly, you need to make sure that the accounts are properly synced. You need to do a test run to check whether all the functionalities are working properly. Example- If you have added a column to publish new tweets as soon as you post them on your Twitter account, you will need to see if new tweets show up as they are published on social media.

#8: Ensure the Website Is Ready to Be Found With SEO

SEO is a very helpful tool to increase the traffic on your website. For this purpose, you should make sure that your website is correctly optimized and that means pages, images, and content—for search and sharing. Add SEO plugins to be found easily.

#9: Check Your Robots.txt File

Search engines have certain algorithms to crawl your website and HTML sitemap doesn’t serve this purpose. Make sure you have a robots.txt file in place so that the search engines can crawl your website easily.

#10: Confirm All Site Processes Work Properly

There are a lot of things on a website, you need to check whether all the processes work properly or not. These processes may include a file that needs to be downloaded, sign-up form, contact us form, shopping cart, checkout, payment gateways, email services, and etc. You need to check if there is any technical glitch which could cause problem and confusion, they shall be fixed on priority. Image result for website pre launch checklist

#11: Confirm Customization Functionality

Customization may make your website look great, but you need to be vert careful with them and verify them properly. There are plugins that directly affect the UX, so they need to be tested properly. Apart from this, the backend processes like analytics, security, etc, shall be tested properly too.

#12: Check for Mobile-Friendliness

Most of the user of the website comes from mobiles now, so having a mobile friendly website is extremely important. Make sure that your website is responsive, works properly on all the devices. Google makes this easy with their Mobile-Friendly Test Tool, so plan on running the test and accounting for any errors that are thrown before you launch.

#13: Review Cross-Browser Compatibility

Cross-browser compatibility checks will account for all browser types across all devices (including mobile). You need to confirm whether your website functions properly across all browsers. There are tools available that help to test your website’s responsive nature and cross-browser compatibility. Image result for website pre launch checklist

#14: Verify Plugin Compatibility

There are plugins that sometimes slow down the website, causes other problems, and affects the UX of the website. So, if you have installed different plugins on the website, you need to check and confirm that those plugins are compatible with your website. There are two ways you can automate these updates. You can either do so via the wp.config.php file or you can find a plugin (like this one) that will do it for you.

#15: Test Your Speed

The site loading time can either make your website or break it reason is users don’t like to wait for more than 4-5 seconds for your website to be loaded. If your website loading takes really long, it would definitely affect your website’s ranking.

#16: Stress-Test Your Website

Before making your website live, make sure that it can handle a lot of users. If it cannot take the stress, it would break down in between which would cause damage. You can use something the Multi-DB plugin to optimize your website when you have a lot of plugins or files across multiple networks and sites. Image result for website pre launch checklist

Wrapping up

So, these were some common things you need to test before making your website live. They may seem common, but they have a very harmful effect on your website. You should fix them before making it live because after that it would take double efforts and work.

11 Must Have WordPress Plugins

WordPress users come across different plugins every day. There are different plugins used for different tasks. Plugins allow the user to select the features that are important for the website. Some of them enhance the performance, while others degrade it. The right set of plugins will make your WordPress website completely functional.  WordPress-Plugins
So let us check out the must have WordPress plugins which will help you to enhance the website’s performance-

1. WordPress SEO Plugin by Yoast

It is one of the most widely used SEO plugins. It optimizes the website and has many innovative features. It helps to optimize page titles, meta description,  canonical URLs, XML sitemaps etc. It could also edit robots.txt files and enhance your RSS feeds. Image result for wordpress seo plugins

2. All in One SEO pack

This plugin is similar to Yoast SEO pack. It also optimizes the website, page titles, meta description, etc. but it has one additional functionality. This plugin can also help you to stop duplicity of content.

3. WP Open Graph

It lets you add Facebook meta description for any post. Although it fetches the meta description from your selected SEO plugin, but you can also customize them for a specific post. Image result for wordpress disqus comment plugins

4. Disqus Comment System

Comments are essential to get feedback from the users. Disqus is a commenting tool that makes it easier to interact with the users. You can approve, reject or block comments. It makes all external links in the comments ‘no follow’, and prevent spammers from posting their links.

5. Hello Bar Plugin

Though it is not a completely free tool, but it is good to start with. It allows you to direct the traffic to other important pages, and give you a rough nifty traffic analysis. Image result for wordpress post plugins

6. WP Related Posts Plugin

It helps to increase the user engagement. It displays a string of related posts that keeps the user engaged. This is a critical factor in making users stick around and browse multiple pages upon every visit.

7. WordPress Backup to Dropbox

There is a good possibility of losing all content at once, but this plugin has solved the problem. It automatically saves the daily content in Dropbox, and back it up. Image result for wordpress W3 total cache plugins

8. W3 Total Cache

W3 Total Cache is a performance optimization plugin. It improves the site performance by 10 times when it is fully configured. It also reduces page loading time despite high traffic.

9. WP Content Copy Protection

It protects your content from being theft. It disables some of the commonly used copy methods. It includes disabling right click, drag, and drops, holds to copy and keyboard shortcuts etc. Image result for wordpress SEO crawlytics plugins

10. SEO Crawlytics

It is a tool that helps site owners understand the search engine bots visiting their site. It would help you to obtain most crawled pages, robot visit details, crawl history, and peak crawl times etc.

11. NextGEN Gallery

If your website has lots of images, this plugin could be very helpful to you. It includes features like batch upload, resizing, sorting, etc. Image result for wordpress nextgen plugins So, if you also have a website based on WordPress, you should add these plugins. They can make your website a good fit.  

Things You Should Know About SEO

Competition brings out the best in everyone, especially when it comes to business. Almost every business has a website which is important for growth, but what is the use of that website if it is not visible to the visitors? Having a website is meaningless if it doesn’t help you in growing your business. Image result for SEO If your website doesn’t show up in the first few pages of the search engine, the people would not even notice it. According to a research, 89% of people use search engines to look for products, services, and information. But how do you manage to rank well on search engine pages? The answer is through Search Engine Optimization.

Know more about search engine optimization

It is the process of getting traffic from the free, organic and natural search results on the website, also known as SEO. Most popular search engines rank the web pages on what the search engine considers most relevant to users. The term refers to the process of tuning a website to achieve a high ranking for specific keywords or phrase. Image result for SEO SEO is not what it used to be 2 years ago. Now, the key to SEO is meaningful content.

Problem

The main problem you will face is that very few companies and people know how to optimize a website or what to do afterward. Yes, it is possible to create an attractive site, but there are hundred such websites which look the same. SEO majorly depends on the content of your website. So, you are supposed to put original content on your website. Image result for SEO You need to hire a company who know about search engines and how they prioritize and rank the website. They should know about things like website traffic, social networking, and other technical aspects.

Conclusion

Image result for SEO So, after know about the search engine optimization and the problems, we conclude that the focus of SEO should be on the searchers, not the search engine. All the search engines have the same criteria of ranking page. They rank on the basis of what is most relevant to the user. So, rather than focusing on what search engine wants, the company should focus on what the user wants to see. This is what makes your website’s ranking better.  

Java vs JavaScript- All You Should Know

Look around and you will find many web developers, but everyone would not tell you the difference between Java and JavaScript. A famous web developer quoted the difference between these two as- “Java is to JavaScript as Ham is to Hamster”. Basically, there are no links between both languages. Both the languages serve completely different roles in web development and programming. Let us move further and look for the differences and similarities between them-

WHAT IS JAVA?

Java is a general-purpose programming language. Applications built in Java are compiled to bytecode with the help of Java Virtual Machine (JVM). In web development, Java is a server-side language which is prominently used in developing mobile applications for Androids. Apart from this, it is present as a front-end language as Java applet but is not used due to security reasons. Java-vs-JavaScript--650x162

WHAT IS JAVASCRIPT?

It is a scripting language which is considered to be one of the three core components of the web that runs in the browser and makes web pages dynamic and interactive. It is employed by a majority of websites. It is rapidly growing as a server-side language along with Node.js.

JAVA VS. JAVASCRIPT: MAJOR SIMILARITIES

Though they are different languages, there are some differences worth considering-
  • Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)
OOP both languages access to techniques like inheritance, encapsulation, and polymorphism. Both languages work on the object and their relationship with other objects.
  • Front-End Development
Both languages are used for front-end development. JS can be embedded directly into HTML, implemented as a framework or library; Java can be used as a Java applet.
  • Back-End Development
These languages are used on the server-side. Java has been used to power back-end technologies like Apache, WebSphere, and etc; whereas JavaScript-powered servers use Node.js for the same purpose. java-vs-javascript

JAVA VS. JAVASCRIPT: MAJOR DIFFERENCES

Despite having some similarities, let us not forget that both the languages were developed to serve completely different purposes. Where Java was designed to develop standalone applications, JavaScript was built specifically to interface with technologies like HTML. Let’s check out the major differences between two-
  • Compiled vs. Interpreted
While Java is considered as compiled programming language, JavaScript is considered as interpreted scripting language. Java is compiled into bytecode as mentioned above, whereas JS can be interpreted directly by a browser.
  • Type checking
Java uses static type checking where variable type is checked at compile-time. While JavaScript uses dynamic type checking where type safety is verified at runtime. It is not required for the programmer to specify the type of any variable they create in the case of JavaScript. The advantage of type checking is that less time is required to execute a code using less memory if static type checking is chosen. The primary advantage of dynamic type checking is programmer productivity—you are free to assign types at your leisure.
  • Concurrency
It refers to the ability handle the execution of several instruction sequences at the same time. Java makes use of multiple threads to perform tasks in parallel, whereas JavaScript handles concurrency on one main thread of execution with an even loop, and a forking system called Node clustering.
  • Class-Based vs Prototype Based
Java follows class based inheritance i.e. top-down, hierarchical, a class-based relationship whereby properties are defined in a class and inherited by an instance of that class. While in JavaScript, inheritance is prototypical- all objects can inherit directly from other objects.

You should consider Java if your project involves-

  • Android Apps
  • Enterprise Software
  • Scientific Computing
  • Big Data Analytics
  • General Purpose Programming of Hardware
  • Server-Side Technologies like Apache, JBoss, Geronimo, GlassFish, etc.

You should consider JavaScript if your project involves-

  • Dynamic single page applications (SPAs)
  • Front-End technologies like jQuery, AngularJS, Backbone.js, Ember.js, ReactJS etc.
  • Server-Side technologies like Node.js, MongoDB, Express.js, etc.
  • Mobile App Development through PhoneGap, React Native, etc.ot
In a nutshell, both languages are meant for different purposes and there is no way you can use these terms interchangeably.